Home Types of CancerAbdomen Cancer

Abdomen Cancer

Diseases Description
Pancreas Cancer

Medanta - Abdomen Cancer In DelhiMeaning: Pancreatic Cancer develops in the pancreas, which is a glandular organ placed behind the stomach, but ahead of the Spine. Responsible for maintaining the blood sugar level in the body by discharging hormones (glucogen and insulin) and digestive juices, the pancreas involves endocrine and exocrine cells. The majority of abnormalities usually occur in exocrine cells, leading to stomach ache or backache, sudden weight loss, jaundice, and more. The Cancer is mainly caused by Smoking, diabetes, genetic conditions, and obesity among the leading causes. The Pancreatic Cancer is usually difficult to treat as it reaches the advanced stage way before it is diagnosed.

Line of Treatment

The CyberKnife technology has been particularly beneficial for treating those Pancreatic Tumors that have not been successfully treated by surgery or other options. Since these types of Tumor move with breathing of the patient, CyberKnife helps track them in real time and auto correct for them. When used with Synchrony® Respiratory Tracking System, CyberKnife delivers highly precise outcomes as it helps a patient normally breathe throughout the treatment sessions.

Alternate: The treatment of a Pancreatic Tumor depends on its stage (usually the TNM – Tumor – Node – Metastasis stage), which may observe surgery as the primary option followed by any one of (or a combination of) Chemotherapy, Chemoradiation, Radiation Therapy, Targeted Therapy, Palliative surgery, ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography), clinical trial of anti-cancer therapies among the others.

Liver Cancer

Meaning: Liver Cancer, also called Hepatic Cancer, is a type of Cancer occurring in Liver, which is the largest internal organ as well as the largest gland in the body of a human being. Lying in the right upper quadrant of Abdomen and below the diaphragm, its position and movement with respiration makes it unique and complex while planning procedures. A viral infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus may cause Liver Cancer.

Line of Treatment

Since Liver Tumors are prone to moving with respiration, CyberKnife can provide an amenable solution for them as it help auto-correct for them in real-time. The mechanism and capabilities of the system do not only allow accurate Tumor movement tracking, but also is comfortable for the patient as does not require continuous breatholds during treatment delivery.

Alternate: A multi-modality approach of surgery and Chemotherapy may be indicated for the successful treatment of Liver Tumors. Radiation Therapy, Radiofrequency ablation or radio isotope treatments may be recommended as per the needs and condition of the patient and type of Tumor.

Gall Bladder Cancer

Meaning: Despite being a rare disease, the incidents of Gall Bladder Cancer are rising in India and other parts of the world, including China, America, and some areas of the Eastern Europe. The Cancer develops in Gall Bladder, which is small (pear-shaped) organ laying right under the liver in the Abdomen. Jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, lumps, bloating, and nausea are among several symptoms that may occur in the person suffering from Gall Bladder Cancer. The presence of this Cancer is more common in women in their 70s or 80s than men. Some of the causes leading to the formation of the Cancer include gall stones, inflammation, congenital abnormal bile ducts, smoking, obesity, and hereditary problem among others.

Line of Treatment

If a patient is not eligible for surgical treatment of Gall Bladder Cancer due to poor health, likely failure outcomes of the surgery, or other reason, CyberKnife best fits the requirements of him/her and the team of Oncologists. It is because CyberKnife operates can deliver beams on the patient body from multiple angles, thus delivering required high dose of radiation beams to the targeted lesion(s), killing it, and sparing the healthy ones. The patient doesn’t get a surgery cut, loss of blood, and thus stands better chances of recovery.

Alternate: Since the gall bladder cancer usually proceeds to an advanced stage as usually not being diagnosed early, a single or multi-modality treatment including surgery, radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, or clinical trials of radiosensitizers can be recommended to cure it. Palliative care may be given if the cancer is not curable.