Home Types of CancerPelvis Cancer

Pelvis Cancer

Diseases Description
Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

Medanta - Pelvis Cancer Surgery in IndiaMeaning: Renal Cell Carcinoma is a Kidney Cancer that originates in the lining of the proximal convoluted tubule, a part of the very small tubes in the kidney that transport waste molecules from the blood to the urine. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of Kidney Cancer in adults, responsible for approximately 90-95% of cases. It has been described as one of the deadliest of cancers affecting the genitourinary tract. It is the seventh most common cancer in men and the ninth most common in women. Inhaled tobacco smoke is clearly implicated in the Etiology of Renal Cell Carcinoma, with a strong dose-dependent increase in risk associated with numbers of cigarettes smoked per day and a substantial reduction in risk for long-term former smokers.

Line of Treatment:

CyberKnife: Radiotherapy is advised in incomplete removal or where the disease is found to be locally bulky. Conventional Radiotherapy is indicated in such cases however in operable or metatstatic Renal Cell Carcinoma CyberKnife can be used. 

Alternate:Kidney Tumors generally effect one of the two kidneys and once diagnosed is treated by surgery.

Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer, Transitional Cell

Meaning: Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter is Cancer that forms in the kidney's pelvis or the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. Cancer can grow in the urine collection system, but is uncommon. As a group, Renal, Pelvis and Ureter cancers account for about 5% of all cancers of the Kidney and Upper Urinary tract. They affect men more often than women and are more common in people older than 65. The causes of this cancer are not completely known. Long-term (chronic) irritation of the kidney from harmful substances removed in the urine may be a factor.

Line of Treatment:

CyberKnife: CyberKnife is useful in advanced staged where it can be used as boost with Conventional Radiotherapy where it can decrease treatment time by 7-10 days and also aid in increasing the effective overall dose.

Alternate: When the cancer has spread outside of the Kidney or Ureter, Chemotherapy is often used. Because these tumors are similar to a form of Bladder Cancer, they are treated with a similar type of Chemotherapy.

Bladder Cancer

Meaning: Bladder Cancer effects the urinary bladder and is usually detected on evaluation for urinary complaints or blood in urine. Tobacco smoking is the main known contributor to urinary bladder Cancer; in most populations, smoking is associated with over half of bladder Cancer cases in men and one-third of cases among women.

Line of Treatment:

CyberKnife: CyberKnife can be used for a small localised disease recurrence or nodal recurrence after primary therapy.

Alternate: Surgery and or Conventional Radiothetrapy and Chemotherapy is more commonly indicated.

Prostate Cancer

Meaning: Prostate Cancer is one of the most commonly detected Cancers in male.. Prostate Cancer is cancer that occurs in a man's prostate - a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Prostate Cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of Prostate Cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly. With increasing awareness and screening modality by serum PSA, more and more early stage Cancer Prostates are reporting to clinic.

Line of Treatment:

CyberKnife: CyberKnife is a good alternative for early stage Prostate Cancer where it can be used as only treatment modality and can complete the therapy in 5-6 days instead of 7 weeks in Conventional Radiotherapy. CyberKnife also is useful in advanced staged where it can be used as boost with Conventional Radiotherapy where it can decrease treatment time by 7-10 days and also aid in increasing the effective overall dose. CyberKnife can also be used for metatstatic disease stage if the disease is limited and localised to small area like spine.

Alternate: Surgery was the mainstay of treatment for early stage prostate while Convenventional Radiotherapy with hormonal management.